Guidelines for Sifting Roofing Materials – Types of Roof Covering Materials
We discussed the alibi behind the selection of various roofing materials, in this paper we will cover different types of roof covering materials itself.
1. Palm fiber and reeds
If you have time to go to Bali, of course you want to hear it very often with the fibers which are used in traditional Balinese architecture. You may use this type of roof if you want to make buildings with traditional or vernacular nuances. Palm fiber roof made of palm fibers. The fibers are used like a roof covering materials with a braid built as far as 120 centimeters and a diameter of 6cm. The braid is clamped with bamboo blades, then tied to battens. The composition of the 2-layer minimum fibers continues to be thick layers want to continue to be long-lasting energy. Good quality palm roof can reach the age of up to 30 years.
2. The thatched roof covering materials
The thatched roof is made from thatched leaves which are arranged together in a comb and then tied to a stick or bamboo which acts as a batten every 20 centimeters. The thatched roof only has a near-3-4 year endurance energy. Both palm fiber and roof have the most important advantages in the aesthetic aspect and traditional feel. The disadvantages are the availability of good quality materials on the market, a slightly complicated installation system, and relatively short life (for thatch roof covering materials).
3. Roof Shingles
Shingles on the market are made from 2 types of ingredients. Natural shingles made from wood and artificial shingles made from fibercement. Wood shingles are made from durable grade wood which is straight fibrous, flexible with wood and cracked. There is a small wooden shingle with a length of 50-60cm, a width of 7-10cm, a thickness of 1- 3cm, and a large wooden shingle in the form of a board with a length of 40- 93cm, a width of 10-47cm, a thickness of 3-5mm. Instead artificial shingles made from fiber-cement material come in various dimensions. The method of installing natural shingles and artificial shingles is almost the same. Shingles were installed alternately of 2, 3 or 4 layers nailed to battens. There are also traditional shingles made from split bamboo, then cut as far as 40cm and sharpened edges. Shingles are widely used for buildings in the colonial style.
Not only that, as already discussed at the beginning, the shingle roof has the advantage of being able to be mounted on a roof with an angle that is almost vertical. The drawback is the paid aspect. Natural shingles are quite expensive because they must be made of good quality wood.
4. Asbestos roof
Asbestos is often used for low-cost buildings. Not only because the price of the material is cheap. Asbestos roof also requires a roof frame that is less frequent. Asbestos is directly attached to the recording, so it doesn’t need a rake and batten.
Asbestos comes in 2 types, namely asbestos asbestos and asbestos as small waves. For large asbestos waves, the dimensions are length 100, 125, 150, 180, 210, 240, 270, 300cm, with a width of 108cm. For asbestos large waves, overlapping the connection at the end is 25cm, and 8 centimeters at the edge. For small asbestos waves, the dimensions are 150, 180, 210, 240, 270, 300cm with a width of 105cm. For small asbestos waves, the overlap of the connection at the end is 25cm and 7, 5cm at the edges.
5. Zinc and Aluminum roof
Wave zinc roof wave exists in the dimensions 183 x 76cm, on the contrary the aluminum roof wave is in the dimensions 200 x 83, 6cm with a thickness of 0. 5, 0. 7, 0. 8, or 1. 0 millimeters. When installed requires overlap of 20cm in the long, and 11, 4 centimeters in the edges.
6. Metaldeck roof
This type of roof has many names on the market, namely spandek, bondek, trimdek, kliplok, to galvalum and zincalume which are actually more towards the name of the type of constituent material. Metal roof decks are commonly used for buildings with wide roof spans, such as factories, supermarkets, etc. Available in widths from 600mm to 1000mm with various types of surface profiles. The length is generally almost unlimited, because the supplier of this material can directly bring a car that is loaded with roll material to the project position.
Asbestos, zinc, aluminum and metaldeck roofs have almost the same personality. The surplus is a cost-effective and light construction burden. But the drawbacks are pretty much too, the beginning is an aesthetic aspect. Asbestos and zinc have already been synonymous with homes for the less able.
The second is an asbestos roof and all metal-based roofs have the character of transmitting fairly large solar heat radiation to the room below. Another weakness is the metal material would be noisy when hit by rain.
Asbestos itself is pretty much avoided, because the particles are predicted carcinogenic behavior, is causing cancer. To overcome the weaknesses of these various types of roofing sheets, the type of roof made from cellulose bitumen was born.
Not only that at this time there is also a uniform asbestos wave material asbestos free (cancer-causing particles) made from fibercement material. The contents of cement in this type of material bring out the characteristics of a material that is waterproof, sturdy, and has a pretty good heat insulation.
7. Cellulose Bitumen Roof
This type of roofing material, made from cellulose fiber, bitumen, and resin, has various advantages. This roof is flexible, making it easy to build, accustoms the shape of the roof, light weight so it does not overload the construction of the building, good heat insulation because of the characteristics of its constituent materials, not noisy when it is overwritten, and has quite a lot of alteration patterns.
Are there any weaknesses? There certainly is, is relatively more expensive than other types of sheet roofs. There are sheets with molds in the form of a kind of tile or asbestos waves with various patterns.
Wow, in fact there are also many types of roof covering materials, huh? In the next article which is the last part of the discussion of roof covering material, we will discuss various types of roof cover material that are very well-known.